Saturday, September 15, 2007

Kongunadu: a history of rulers from 3102BCE to present.

A personal venture into Kongu history by PonDheepankar K, M.A (D.U) . To be published as a book in the future in even more detail. The author belongs to the Panangadai (Elumathur kadai) kootam of Kongu Vellala Gounder caste and is a resident of Erode.Please feel free to contact for doubts, fundraising, suggestions, queries and information on Kongu at PONDHEEPANKAR@GMAIL.COM
Rulers and dynasties of the Kongu region

Pre-Kaliyugam(before 3102 BCE) (ref: Kongumandala satakam and Mahabharatam-Virataparvam) (system: highly decentral panchayat under local landlords , nominal central kings):
Kongu is called Matsyadesam and the capital is Ladapuram (Viratapuram or modern Dharapuram)
1)Virataraya
The father of Mahabharatam's Uttarakumaran and Uttarakumari who are named after Uttara Veeranarayana Perumal, the local Tirumal). They are instrumental in the Mahabharata offering refuge to the pandavas in thier court during their Agnyathavasam period and helping them to regroup and plan stratagies. He marries daughter Uttarakumari to Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna. Kichakan of Keechakanur (Keeranur) is killed by Bhima.
http://www.hindu.com/fr/2005/04/15/stories/2005041500570300.htm
2)Uttarakumararaya
King and aide of Arjuna

Sangam age (300BCE to 300C.E) (system: Kongu nadu called Chera Nadu under decentral panchayats under local landlords called Velirs and Kizhars or the Vellala caste, nominal central kings):

Issued by : Sangam age Chera recovered from Karur Amaravati river bed , year: 1st Century BC.
Obv. : Elephant
Rev. :Bow-Arrow and ankush(below bow-arrow) with snake.
Weight : 3.48 gm (53.6 grain),
Diameter : 20X18 mm ,
Thickness : 2 mm
Reference : Metal : Ae alloy.,
Notes: This coin is as thin as Vira keralasya coin thickness.Sangam Age Tamil Coins, Krishnamurthy Pl-11, #130 extremely rare in chera category with lots of sangam age symbols such as yupa, snake, etc., The reverse is a bow-arrow and ankusha below. Obv is a Elephant - of Sangam age Pandya style of mahabalipuram
Kongu Cheras (capital:Karur (Vanji), ruling nearly the whole of modern Kongu - lineage - Cheran kootam)
http://tamilartsacademy.com/books/roman%20karur/cover.html

Vanavan @ Vanavaramban [430-350 B.CE]
Kuttuvan Uthiyan Cheralathan [350-328 B.CE] ruled for 22 years
Imayavaramban Neduncheralathan [328-270 B.CE] ruled for 58 years
Palyaanai Chelkezhu Kuttuvan [270-245 B.CE] ruled for 25 years
Kalangaikanni narmudicheral [245-220 B.CE] ruled for 25 years
Perumcheralathan [220-200 B.CE] ruled for 20 years
Kudakko Neduncheralathan [200-180 B.CE] ruled for 20 years
Kadal Pirakottiya Velkezhu kuttuvan [180-125 B.CE] ruled 55 years
Adukotpattuch Cheralathan [125-87 B.CE] ruled 38 years
Selvak kadungo Vazhiyathan [87-62 B.CE] ruled 25 years
Yanaikatchei Mantharanj Cheral Irumborai [62-42 B.CE] ruled 20 years
Thagadoor Erintha Perum Cheral Irumborai [42-25 B.CE] ruled 17 years (unification of Upper and lower Kongu)
Ilancheral Irumborai [25-19 B.CE] ruled 16 years
Karuvur Eriya Koperumcheral Irumborai [9-1 B.CE]
Vanji Mutrathu tunjiya Anthuvancheral [B.CE 20 – 10 A.D]
Kanaikal Irumborai [20-30 A.D]
Palai Padiya Perum kadungko [1-30 A.D]
Kokothai Marban [[30 –60 A.D]
Cheran Chenguttuvan [60-140 A.D]
Kottambalathu tunjiya Maakothai [140-150 A.D]
Cheraman mudangi kidantha Nedumcheralathan [150-160 A.D]
Cheraman Kanaikkal Irumborai [160-180 A.D]
Cheraman Ilamkuttuvan [180-200 A.D]
Thambi Kuttuvan [200-220 A.D]
Poorikko [220-250 A.D]
Cheraman Kuttuvan Kothai [250-270 A.D]
Cheraman Vanjan [270-300 A.D]
Mantharanj Cheral [330-380 A.D] found in Allahabad inscriptions of Samudragupta.
and their arch-rivals,

Sathiyaputras
(Adiyaman dynasty ruling Tagadur-Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts - lineage  - Cheran kootam) referred as Satiyaputras from Asokan inscription in Guntur.
Oris (ruling Kollimalai region from Rasipuram, famous king Valvil Ori)

Malayaman Karis from Tirukoyiloor (rivals of Adiyaman and Cheras, probably the Kari kootam in Gounders of today, famous king Irumudi kari who was a rival of the Chozas)
Begans (ruling from Vaiyavoor or Pazhani which originally was called Vaiyapuri, famous king is Viyavoor Began)
Paris (ruling Mudiramalai or the Gobi -Sathy ghats from the Pariyur of today, famous king Parivallal)
Kumanan (ruling Kudiramalai region)
Killis (ruling the Mudiramalais)
Gangans (the future Ganga dynasty of the Kannuva (Kannan kootam) which steadily gains power with the decline of the Chera power)
Gattis of the Gatti mudalikkavundar lineage

These rulers were konown for their benevolece and the Sangam poets were supported mostly by these. This is reflected in their verses. They are popularly called the ''Kadayezhuvallalkal'' or the last seven benevolent kings.

Post-Sangam

Rattas - Kalabhra interregnum (or Reddis?, seems to be connected with the Rashtrakuta dynasty and ruling from Dharapuram, dates unclear. ref:Kongudesarajakkal and Pandya- Ratta war inscription of the sixth cent. AD) (ends 350 C.E) (system: decentral panchayats under local landlords called Vallalas, nominal central kings):

Sriviraraya Chakravarti
Govindarayan I
Krishnarayan
Kalavallavarayan
Govindarayan II
Tirivikramadevaraya Chakravarti

Gangas (restored Cheras) (350-999) (established at Dharapuram (Narayanur nadu) and later moved to Kuvalalapuram (Kolar) and Talakkad (Talakkadu) (system: decentral panchayats under local Gounder landlords called Gamundas of the Vallala caste, strong central kings)(see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Ganga_administration):




Issued by : Gangas of Talakad (Elephant Gadyana/Varaha/Pagoda) specimens. , year: 11 to 12th century
Obv. : Caparisoned Elephant facing right. Legend Pa Da above in kannada.
Rev. :floral decorative scroll
Weight : 3.4 gms , Diameter : 13-15 mm ,
Reference : Mitch-702
Metal : Gold.,
Notes: Anonymous issue.


Map of Ganganadu according to Valasundara Kavirayar (17th century)

Konganivarman Madhavarayan (350 - 370)
Madhavarayan (370-390)
Harivarmarayan (390-410)
Vishnugoparayan (410-430)
Madhava III Tandangalarayan (430-469)
Avinitarayan (469 - 529)
Durvinita mahadirayan (529 - 579)
Mushkara also called Kokkararayan (579 - 604)
Polavirarayan (604 - 629)
Srivikramarayan (629 - 654)
Bhuvikarmarayan (654 - 679)
Shivamararayan I (679 - 726)
Sripurusharayan (726 - 788)
Shivamararayan II (788 - 816)
Rachamallarayan I (816 - 843)
Ereganga Neetimarga (843 - 870)
Rachamallarayan II (870 - 907)
Ereganga NeetimargarayanII (907 - 921)
Narasimharayan (921 - 933)
RachamallarayanIII (933 - 938)
Butugarayan II (938 - 961)
Marulaganga Neetimargarayan(961 - 963)
Marasimha II Satyavakyarayan(963 - 975)
Rachamalla IV Satyavakyarayan (975 - 986)
Rachamallarayan V (Rakkasaganga) (986 - 999)
Neetimarga Permanadi rayan (999)

Chola interregnum (984-1014) (Kulithalai taluk and Kalrayan hills are permanently lost to Cholas ) (system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords called Velirs and Kizhars, strong central kings, outside vassals used sometimes):
Rajaraja Chola I (985-1014)
Rajendra Chola I (1012-1044)

Hoysalas (1026-1343) (system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords called Vallalas, strong central kings) (see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_the_Hoysala_Empire and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoysala_administration ):

Issued by : Hoysalas of Belur (11th-14th Century) , year: c. 12th century

Obv. : Garuda standing facing, head turned right, lamp right
Rev. :Vishnu with four attributes - Gadha,Padma,Shanku and Chakra
Diameter : 6 mm ,
Reference : None Metal : Gold.,
Notes: Hoysala fanam. Provenance:Hasan,Karnataka. Unpublished fanam.

Nripa Kama II (1026 - 1047)
Hoysala Vinayadityarayan (1047 - 1098)
Ereyangarayan (1098 - 1102)
Veera Ballalarayan I (1102 -1108)
Vishnuvardhanarayan (1108 - 1152)
Narasimharayan I (1152 – 1173)
Veera Ballalarayan II (1173 – 1220)
Vira Narasimharayan II (1220 – 1235)
Vira Someshwararayan (1235 – 1254)
Narasimharayan III (1254 – 1291)
Veera Ballalarayan III (1292 – 1343
The southern part of Kongu is shared by the later Venad Cheras, Cholas (Kongu Cholas) and Pandiyas (Kongu Pandiyans) with local Vellalas as vassals. The Cholas try dismantling the Ganga administration in vain. The Gavunda-Manigar system of Gangas has survived to this day. Kongu Cholas lose territory steadily to Hoysalas reemerging with the help of Ganga vassals.

Raids by Muslims under Malik Kafur, Delhi Khilji sultan Ala-ud-din's general, destabilising the Hoysalas and the culture. Rapes, murders, looting and destruction of temples and cities by Muslims.

Vijayanagara period (1336-1646)(system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords as Palaiyakkarars , called Vellalas with strong central kings and Naykar scribes for tax collection ):


Kongunadu under Vijayanagara empire





Issued by : Krishnadevaraya (1509-1530) , year: Krishna Devaraya. 1509-1529AD Obv. : Balakrishna (Baby Krishna) Seated with butter pulp in right hand. Conch and Chakra at sides. Rev. :Three line Nagari legend, Sree Pra / ta pa Krishna / ra ja. Weight : 3.4 gm , Diameter : 12 mm , Reference : None. Metal : Gold., Mint Details: Tadapatri mint. ,Unknown coins minted... Notes: In general KrishnaDevaRaya pagodas and half pagodas are common.
Sangama Dynasty

Harihara Raya I (1336-1356)
Bukka Raya I (1356-1377)
Harihara Raya II (1377-1404)
Virupaksha Raya (1404-1405)
Bukka Raya II (1405-1406)
Deva Raya I (1406-1422)
Ramachandra Raya (1422)
Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya (1422-1424)
Deva Raya II (1424-1446)
Mallikarjuna Raya (1446-1465)
Virupaksha Raya II (1465-1485)
Praudha Raya (1485)
Saluva Dynasty
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya (1485-1491)
Thimma Bhupala (1491)
Narasimha Raya II (1491-1505)
Tuluva Dynasty
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka (1491-1503)
Viranarasimha Raya (1503-1509)
Krishna Deva Raya (1509-1529)
Achyuta Deva Raya (1529-1542)
Sadashiva Raya (1542-1570)
Aravidu Dynasty
Aliya Rama Raya (1542-1565)
Tirumala Deva Raya (1565-1572)
Sriranga I (1572-1586)
Venkata II (1586-1614)
Sriranga II (1614-1614)
Ramadeva (1617-1632)
Venkata III (1632-1642)
Sriranga III (1642-1646)

Mysore Kingdom (1646-1799) - Wodeyar Dynasty (system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords as Palaiyakkarars, called Vellalas with strong central kings and Naykar scribes for tax collection ):




Ruler : Kantirava Narasa Raja Wodeyar Year : 1638 - 1662 AD Unit : Fanam, Gold, 5 mm, 0.34gm Obverse : Narasimha in Yogabandha mudhra hands on his knees Reverse : "Sri, Kamti rava Reference : MCSI1 910, C

Yaduraya (1399–1423)
Hiriya Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar I (1423–1459)
Hiriya Chamaraja Wodeyar II (1478–1513)
Hiriya Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar III (1513–1553)
Thimmaraja Wodeyar II (1553–1572)
Bola Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572–1576)
Bettada Devaraja Wodeyar (1576–1578)
Raja Wodeyar I (1578–1617)
Chamaraja Wodeyar V (1617–1637)
Raja II Wodeyar (1637–1638)
Ranadhira Kantheerava Narasaraja Wodeyar I (1638–1659)
Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704)
Kantheerava Narasaraja Wodeyar II (1704–1714)
Dodda Krishnaraja Wodeyar (1714–1732)
Chamaraja Wodeyar VI (1732–1734)
Immadi Krishnaraja II Wodeyar (1734–1766)
Nanajaraja Wodeyar (1766–1770)
Bettada Chamaraja Wodeyar VII (1770–1776)
Khasa Chamaraja Wodeyar VIII (1766–1796)

Muslim (Thulukkan) rule (breaking up of Kongu and accession to British) (system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords, called Vellalas with strong central kings and Muslim scribes for tax collection )


Issue: Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu.
Mint: Nagar Date AM 1224.
Weight 11 Gms. Elephant facing left.
Hyder Ali (1749-1782)
Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu, (1782-1799)
Third Anglo-Mysore War: Salem Baramahals and Dindigul (comprising modern Salem, Namakkal, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Dindigul, Vellore (Tirupattur tk.) districts given by Tippu to British after Third mysore war)
British map of territories lost by Tippu to them after the Third war.
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: Coimbatore district (comprising modern Coimbatore, Ooty, Erode, Karur and Kollegal dists.)
Palaiyakkarar rule (system: decentral panchayat under local Gounder landlords, called Vellalars with strong central palayakkarar) :

Dheeran Chinnamalai Theerthagiri Gounder (April 17, 1756 – July 31, 1805)




British map of the territories lost by Tippu after his death and Dheeran
Chinnamalai and reorganisation under Madras presidency.
Direct British rule (1805 - 1920) (Merger with Tamilnadu plains for the first time in history) (Centralised power structure, loss of local Orr Gounders' rule, zamindari under new set loyal Gounders)




Issue: British Coin, denomination: one rupee,Year:1898,metal: mint

Chief Ministers of Madras Presidency (1920- 1947)Merger with Tamilnadu plains for the first time in history) (Centralised power structure, partial regain of local rule, zamindari under local Gounders)
A. Subbarayalu (17 December 1920-11 July 1921) Justice Party
Panagal Raja (11 July 1921-3 December 1926) Justice Party
P. Subbarayan (4 December 1926 -27 October 1930) Unaffiliated
P. Munuswamy Naidu(27 October 1930-4 November 1932) Justice Party
Ramakrishna Ranga Rao(5 November 1932-4 April 1936) Justice Party
P. T. Rajan (4 April 1936-24 August 1936) Justice Party
Ramakrishna Ranga Rao (24 August 1936-April 1937) Justice Party
Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu (1 April 1937-14 July 1937) Justice Party
C. Rajagopalachari (14 July 1937-29 October 1939) Indian National Congress
Tanguturi Prakasam (30 April 1946-23 March 1947) Indian National Congress

Post Indian 'Independence' (Commonwealth dominion) Chief Ministers of Madras Presidency (1947-1950)(Totally centralised power structure, partial regain of local rule, zamindari abolished thereby total loss of power at local level)

O. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar (23 March 1947-6 April 1949) Indian National Congress
P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja (6 April 1949-26 January 1950) Indian National Congress


Issue: Government of India.
Year:1963.
Denominatiom: naya paisa, one paisa.

Cheif Ministers of Madras State (Tamil region) (Totally centralised power structure, loss of power at local level)

P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja (26 January 1950-9 April 1952) Indian National Congress
C. Rajagopalachari(10 April 1952-13 April 1954) Indian National Congress
K. Kamaraj (13 April 1954-31 March 1957) Indian National Congress
K. Kamaraj (13 April 1957-1 March 1962) Indian National Congress
K. Kamaraj (15 March 1962-2 October 1963) Indian National Congress
M. Bakthavatsalam (2 October 1963-6 March 1967) Indian National Congress
C. N. Annadurai(6 March 1967-14 January 1969) DMK

Chief Ministers of Tamilnadu (1969-present) (Totally centralised power structure, loss of power at local level) :

C. N. Annadurai(14 January 1969-3 February 1969) DMK
V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)(3 February 1969-10 February 1969) DMK
M. Karunanidhi(10 February 1969-4 January 1971) DMK
M. Karunanidhi (15 March 1971-31 January 1976) DMK, President's rule (31 January 1976-30 June 1977)
M. G. Ramachandran(30 June 1977-17 February 1980) AIADMK, President's rule(17 February 1980-9 June 1980)
M. G. Ramachandran (9 June 1980-15 November 1984) AIADMK
M. G. Ramachandran(10 February 1985-24 December 1987) AIADMK
V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)(24 December 1987-7 January 1988) AIADMK
Janaki Ramachandran(7 January 1988-30 January 1988) AIADMK, President's rule (30 January- 1988
27 January 1989)
M. Karunanidhi (27 January 1989-30 January 1991)DMK, President's rule (30 January 1991-24 June 1991)
J. Jayalalithaa(24 June 1991-12 May 1996) AIADMK
M. Karunanidhi (13 May 1996-13 May 2001) DMK
J. Jayalalithaa (14 May 2001-21 September 2001) AIADMK
O. Panneerselvam (21 September 2001-1 March 2002) AIADMK
J. Jayalalithaa (2 March 2002-12 May 2006) AIADMK
M. Karunanidhi (13 May 2006-incumbent) DMK
The assembly constituencies of Tamilnadu and Kongunadu.

Politics in Kongunadu today:

Kongunadu has nearly 70 assembly constituencies out of the total 234. This region has been economically strong but politically vwry weak because disunity among the majority Gounders.
Today Gounders who are estimated to be the single largest caste in Tamilnadu of about 70-80 lakhs are represented only in 23/65 assembly constituencies. This is radically opposite to the 30/30 and 4 important ministers in the Rajaji berth. (The only caste given 4 ministers by the great Rajaji , not even Brahmins as he used to say Gounders are very honest). There are only two ministers now with dummy portfolios. Thevars have 30/38 MLAs and 4 ministers with strategic portfolios, Vanniars have 50/60 MLAs with 3 strategic ministeries in their respective areas. Central MP position is even bad 5/11 constituencies and no central ministers from the community while Vanniars and Thevars have 3 strategic ministers each. Gounders are thus all set to lose their status within the next 10 years. Today there are many letterhead parties like KMK, KIP, KVGP doing just votebank politics and nothing else.
References:
Kongumandala satakam, (T) by Valasundarakavirayar, Ed. Deivasikhamani Gaunder, Coimbatore, 1971
Karavur Puranam, Ed. S.K. Ramarajan and T.V. Ramaswami Pillai, Madras, 2nd Edition, 1984
Roman Karur, Dr.R.Nagaswamy , Brahadish Publications, 1995
Kongu Velalar Varalaru, S.A.R.Chinnusamy Gounder, Muthunarayanan Printers, Erode, 2nd Edition, 1982
Komaralingam copperplates, Dr. R.Nagaswamy, publication and date unknown
Kongadesarajakkal, Government Manuscript Library, Chennai


en.wikipedia.org
http://www.googleearth.com/
http://www.karsha.org/
http://www.history.upenn.edu/
http://www.vijayanagaracoins.com/
http://www.jfcampbell.us/
http://worldcoingallery.com/
For learning more on the native administrative system of Kongadesam: kongupattakarars.blogspot.com


20 comments:

Thiyagarajan said...

Machi

Very good work ...

keep it up..

ranjith said...

very good

Free Trade Leads said...

good

sisubalan said...

hello sir,

An admirable work of yours, will surely be an identity for our community and for our region. I appreciate your dedicated hardwork.

thanks for producing a commendable work.

karthik said...

gud work...

செந்தேள் said...

Very Nice one and It is needed. Keep it up...

Karthik Red said...

I am from PERUNGUDI koolam.........

Right from 3000 B.C everything is ok.....

But one thing i want to suggest this blog owner is that, NO CIVILIZATION or DYNASTY exist suddenly , instead , they must have split from a MAJOR huge dynasty........

Simalary, FROM which religion OUR KONGU people first CAME and settled...........AND what we are called so , before we actually called ourselves as kongus..........


A VERY DEEP research is needed for this to find...................

So my request is to find out the real start point, no no, sorry, FIND out what(religion) we were BEFORE THE START POINT OF KONGU ........

Post a comment.

Unsubscribe to comments on this post.

arun said...

hanndsome work.. though u left some more items regarding,

KING KALINGARAYAN (lingiayya gounder) 12th century BC... under pandiya kingdom..
he ruled from PERUNDURAI to BAVANI.. LOT MORE STORIES THERE ABOT HIM...

also u shouild hv mentioned abot some others castes using GOUNDER acronym fakely..

speciality of KODUMANAL REGION OF GREAT KONGU REGION (trade relations with ancient ROMANS dates back to 3rd century....

soma2uk said...

Hi Pon Dheepankar !

I very much appreciate for the tiresome project you have undertaken! I hope that you are one of the pioneers to trace back our roots.

Its a pity , your hard work still not known to our community widely I believe.

There are some organizations that still do some commendable service to our community. Did you approach them ? What is the outcome? Have you published the book?

I am from Namakkal (Aanthai Kootam) now in the U.K. I shall render some assistance to you if you wish.Please feel free to contact me.

I am proud of you and your work.

Keep it up!

All the Best!

soma
Perumal Gounder Somasundaram

soma2uk@yahoo.co.uk
http://soma2uk.hi5.com

shiv kera said...

hi mams..............
Fabulous work.............
Hats off to u.......

I got to know through a website that we were called as Ksatriyas in ancient period...............

Keep up the great work........

Nam kongu sonthangalai onru
thiratti,namathu varalaatrai sonnal anraga irukum enru nambukirean.....

Name:Pravin Ramasamy
Kootam:Porul thandha kulam
Native :Erode(myladi Velampalayam,Near chennimalai)
Mail id:pravinbbm@gmail.com and pravinsramasamy@gmail.com

Active Kongu Peravai Volunteer

Thanks
Pravin Ramasamy

Bharathi said...

Fine work. Mention some of our kulam/kuuttam (60). If possible to my mail. By T.Bharathi kannamma

Karthik Red said...

Some of the Kootams/Kulams are:

* Adhitreya Kumban
* Aadai
* Aanthai
* Aadhi
* Adhirai
* Aavan
* Andai
* Agni
* Aavan
* Anangan
* Andhuvan
* Ariyan
* Alagan
* Bharatan
* Bramman
* Cheran
* Devendran
* Dananjayan
* Danavantan
* Eenjan
* Ennai
* Indran
* Kaadan
* Kaadai
* Kaari
* Kaavalar
* Kadunthuvi
* Kalinji
* Kambakulathaan
* Kanakkan
* Kanavaalan
* Kannan
* Kannandhai
* Karunkannan
* Kauri
* Kavalan
* Kiliyan
* Keeran
* Kodarangi
* Koorai
* Kuruppan
* Kotrandhai
* Kottaarar
* Kovar
* Koventhar
* Kumarandhai
* Kundali
* Kungili
* Kuniyan
* Kunnukkan



* Kuyilan
* Kuzhlaayan
* Maadai
* Maadhaman
* Maathuli
* Maavalar
* Maniyan
* Mayilan
* Mazhluazhlagar
* Medhi
* Meni
* Meenavan
* Moimban
* Moolan
* Mooriyan
* Mukkannan
* Munaiveeran
* Muthan
* Muzhlukkadhan
* Naarai
* Nandhan
* Neelan
* Neerunni
* Neidhali
* Neriyan
* Odhaalar
* Ozhukkar
* Paaliyan
* Paamban
* Paanan
* Paandian
* Paadhari
* Padaithalaiyan
* Padhuman
* Padukkunni
* Paidhali
* Panaiyan
* Panangadai
* Panjaman
* Pannai
* Pannan
* Paamaran
* Pavalan
* Payiran
* Periyan
* Perunkudi
* Pillan
* poondhai
* Podiyan
* Ponnan



* Poochadhai Poodhiyan
* Poosan
* Porulthantha or Perizhanthan
* Punnai
* Puthan
* Saakadai
* Sathandhai
* Sathuvaraayan
* Sanagan
* Sedan
* Sellan
* Sempoothan
* Semvan
* Sengannan
* Sengunni
* Seralan
* Sevadi
* Sevventhi
* Sevvayan
* Silamban
* Soman
* Soolan
* Sooriyan
* Sothi
* Sowriyan
* Surapi
* Thanakkavan
* Thavalayan
* Thazhinji
* Themaan
* Thodai
* Thooran
* Thorakkan
* Thunduman
* Uvanan
* Uzhavan
* Vaanan
* Vannakkan
* Veera Kumar
* Veliyan
* Vellamban
* Vendhan
* Venduvan
* Viliyan
* Villi
* Vilosanan
* Viradhan
* Viraivulan

tamil said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
tamil said...
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tamil said...

கொங்கு நாட்டு விவசாயி மகன்:
"The only caste given 4 ministers by the great Rajaji , not even Brahmins as he used to say Gounders are very honest"

While im reading this im very proud to be a gounder. Tats bcoz of 'U'..

Thanks a lot.

coolnandu said...

Hi. You say in some of your other blogs that historians are not willing to dig up kongunadu's past. Why is it so?

Nandakumar
nandu.amrita@gmail.com

Kongu Nadu said...

We(Kongu People) Salute for the research taken by yours to know our history.

Gunaguhan said...

Hi Brother,

Very Very Good work. You need to provide more info in the Internet so the future generations would know about Kongu

Gunaguhan said...

Hi Brother,

Very Very Good work. You need to provide more info in the Internet so the future generations would know about Kongu

shiva kumar said...

what is common between gounder ,gowda in karnataka ,vokaliga,and reddy